Basics of Soap Making: Ingredients, Equipment & Techniques
Soap making is an ancient craft that has been practiced for centuries. It is a fun and creative hobby that can be enjoyed by people of all ages. In this blog post, we will cover the basics of soap making, including the ingredients, equipment, and techniques needed to create your own soap.
Ingredients for Soap Making
The main ingredients in soap making are fats and oils, lye, and water. Different fats and oils can be used to create different types of soap, each with its own unique properties and benefits. Some popular fats and oils used in soap-making include olive oil, coconut oil, and palm oil.
Lye, also known as sodium hydroxide, is a caustic chemical that is used to turn fats and oils into soap. It is important to handle lye with care and always wear gloves and safety goggles when working with it.
Water is also a key ingredient in soap making. It is used to dissolve the lye and helps to create a chemical reaction that turns the fats and oils into soap.
Equipment for Soap Making
The equipment needed for soap making is relatively simple and can be found at SingaporeSoap.com or most kitchen supply stores. Some of the key items you will need include:
- A digital scale
- A thermometer
- A stainless steel or plastic mixing bowl
- A stick or immersion blender
- A mold for pouring your soap mixture into
- Gloves and safety goggles
Techniques for Soap Making
The basic technique for soap making is called “cold process” soap making. This process involves mixing the lye and water together, then slowly adding the fats and oils while stirring. Once the mixture has reached a certain consistency, it is poured into a mold and left to cure for several weeks.
Another popular technique is called “hot process” soap making. This technique involves heating the soap mixture to speed up the saponification process and allows you to use the soap sooner.
It’s also important to note that there are other techniques for soap making like Melt and pour, Rebatching, and Hot process oven recipe. Each has its own advantages and disadvantages.
It is important to always use caution when working with lye and to keep children and pets away from the work area. Always wear gloves and safety goggles and never touch lye or soap mixture with bare skin. It’s also important to keep the area well-ventilated while working with lye.
Where to Learn Soap Making
From simple soap crafting using melt and pour soap bases or basic cold process soap making for natural handmade soap bars to hot process Castile liquid soap making, we have a full range of soap making classes for you to become a soap artisan in Singapore.